DNA Isolation & Purification

DNA Isolation & Purification


Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) isolation is an extraction process of DNA from various sources. Methods used to isolate DNA are dependent on the source, age, and size of the sample. Despite the wide variety of methods used, there are some similarities among them. In general, they aim to separate DNA present in the nucleus of the cell from other cellular components.

Isolation of DNA is needed for genetic analysis, which is used for scientific, medical, or forensic purposes. Scientists use DNA in a number of applications, such as introduction of DNA into cells and animals or plants, or for diagnostic purposes. In medicine the latter application is the most common. On the other hand, forensic science needs to recover DNA for identification of individuals (for example rapists, petty thieves, accident, or war victims), paternity determination, and plant or animal identification.

Presence of proteins, lipids, polysaccharides and some other organic or inorganic compounds in the DNA preparation can interfere with DNA analysis methods, especially with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). They can also reduce the quality of DNA leading to its shorter storage life.


MagSi beads can be used as solid support phase in DNA extraction and purification protocols by a simple bind/wash/elute principle. MagSi-gDNA blood, MagSi-DNA saliva and MagSi-DNA Vegetal are complete extraction kits including magnetic beads and buffers to isolate DNA from these sample materials.